Electric Guitar Types: The Definitive Beginner’s Guide

Electric Guitar Types

The electric guitar. It comes in all shapes and sizes. For jazz, for metal, for classic music. There’s plenty of electric guitar types out there. But which is best for you? Let’s explore…

Electric Guitar Types

Introduction to Electric Guitars

Jimmy Page’s Favourite Guitar

The electric guitar, a symbol of musical rebellion and creativity, has a story that’s as vibrant as the sounds it produces.

Its journey began in the early 1930s, born out of a necessity to amplify the guitar in big bands and orchestras.

The quest for volume led to the creation of the first electric guitars, which initially were merely amplified versions of their acoustic counterparts.

However, it was in the 1950s that the electric guitar truly found its voice and identity, thanks to pioneers like Les Paul and Leo Fender.

These innovators transformed the instrument into what we recognize today – a tool capable of producing a variety of sounds ranging from the melodious chimes to the gritty growls that became the backbone of rock and roll.

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The electric guitar didn’t just change the way music sounded; it revolutionized the way music was played, perceived, and experienced.

In the hands of legends like Jimi Hendrix, Eric Clapton, and Jimmy Page, the electric guitar became more than an instrument – it was a symbol of a cultural shift.

The 1960s and 1970s saw the guitar at the forefront of a musical revolution, powering genres like rock, blues, and later, heavy metal.

The versatility of the electric guitar allowed musicians to experiment with feedback, distortion, and sustain, giving birth to new sounds and techniques.

This iconic instrument didn’t just influence music genres; it impacted fashion, attitudes, and even politics.

The electric guitar became a symbol of youth rebellion, freedom of expression, and the voice of entire generations.

From the vibrant performances at Woodstock to the rebellious punk movement, the electric guitar has been at the heart of cultural and musical evolution.

And yet despite all of this history and culture, the actual “style” of electric guitar used today isn’t that different from the first ever models dreamt up by Leo Fender back in the day…

Different Types of Electric Guitars

Solid Body Guitars: The Rock Icons

electric guitars

Solid body guitars are the quintessential rock and roll instruments, known for their sturdy construction and ability to produce clear, powerful sounds even at high volumes.

These guitars are devoid of the internal hollow space found in their acoustic counterparts, which significantly reduces feedback issues.

Iconic models like the Fender Stratocaster and Gibson Les Paul have become synonymous with this category.

The Stratocaster, with its sleek, contoured body and brighter tone, has been a favorite among artists like Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton.

The Les Paul, on the other hand, is celebrated for its warm, rich tones, making it a go-to choice for musicians like Slash and Jimmy Page.

Semi-Hollow and Hollow Body Guitars: The Versatile Performers

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Semi-hollow and hollow body guitars blend the characteristics of solid body and acoustic guitars.

Hollow body guitars, like the Gibson ES-335, are revered in jazz and blues for their warm, rich tones and smooth sustain.

Their hollow interiors offer a resonance that’s perfect for these genres, though they can be prone to feedback at higher volumes.

Semi-hollow guitars, such as the Fender Telecaster Thinline, provide a middle ground, offering some of the warmth of hollow bodies but with less susceptibility to feedback, making them suitable for a broader range of genres including rock, blues, and even country.

Acoustic-Electric Guitars: The Best of Both Worlds


Acoustic-electric guitars are essentially acoustic guitars fitted with pickups and electronic components, allowing them to be amplified without losing their natural acoustic tone.

They provide the versatility of playing unplugged in an intimate setting, or amplified in larger venues. These guitars often come with built-in preamps and EQ controls, offering a range of sound customization.

They are ideal for singer-songwriters and performers who require the flexibility to switch between pure acoustic and amplified sounds.

Extended-Range Guitars: Pushing the Boundaries


Extended-range guitars, including 7-string, 8-string, and even 9-string models, are designed for players who want to explore beyond the traditional range of the guitar.

The additional strings, usually lower in pitch, expand the harmonic and melodic possibilities. These guitars are popular in genres like metal and progressive rock, where a broader sonic palette is often desired.

Models like the Ibanez RG series have become staples for players looking to push the musical boundaries with their extended-range capabilities.

Each type of electric guitar opens up new possibilities in sound and playing style, contributing to the diverse tapestry of music genres and cultures.

Whether it’s the robust power of a solid body, the nuanced tones of semi-hollow and hollow bodies, the versatility of acoustic-electrics, or the expanded range of extended-string guitars, there’s an electric guitar out there to suit every musician’s needs and creative aspirations.

You even have 3/4 guitars to consider as well; these are guitars that are three quarters the size of a normal guitar. EVH loved them. And they’re also great for beginners too.

Famous Guitar Brands and Models

Fender Stratocaster and Telecaster: The Pioneers

Fender American Professional Stratocaster

Fender, a name synonymous with electric guitars, has gifted the world two of its most iconic models: the Stratocaster and the Telecaster.

The Stratocaster, with its distinctive contoured body and three-pickup configuration, offers a versatile sound palette, making it a favorite among legends like David Gilmour and Stevie Ray Vaughan.

Its smooth playability and bright, crisp tones have cemented its status as a staple in rock, blues, and beyond.

The Telecaster, Fender’s first foray into the electric guitar market, stands out with its simple yet effective design.

Known for its sharp, cutting tones and solid build, the Telecaster has been a mainstay in genres ranging from country to rock.

Musicians like Keith Richards and Bruce Springsteen have wielded this model, showcasing its robust sound and reliability.

Gibson Les Paul and SG: The Rock Royalty

Epiphone SG Standard

Gibson, another giant in the guitar world, is renowned for the Les Paul and SG models.

The Les Paul, with its thick, sustain-rich sound courtesy of its solid mahogany body and humbucking pickups, has been a favorite among guitarists like Slash and Jimmy Page.

Its rich, warm tones and substantial weight make it a powerhouse for rock and heavy metal.

The SG, characterized by its lighter, thinner body and distinctive double cutaways, offers a slightly more aggressive tone.

This model gained fame in the hands of rock icons like Angus Young of AC/DC and Tony Iommi of Black Sabbath, known for its fast playability and biting, crunchy sound.

Ibanez, PRS, and Other Notable Brands

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Ibanez and PRS (Paul Reed Smith) are other key players in the guitar market, each with their unique contributions.

Ibanez is widely recognized in the metal and rock genres, particularly for its RG series, known for its slim, fast necks and sharp, clear tones.

Artists like Steve Vai and Joe Satriani have popularized Ibanez guitars, pushing the boundaries of guitar playing.

PRS guitars, on the other hand, are known for their high-quality craftsmanship and beautiful finishes.

Models like the Custom 24 blend vintage tones with modern playability, making them versatile for various music styles.

Renowned guitarists like Carlos Santana and Mark Tremonti have favored PRS for their balanced sound and aesthetic appeal.

Understanding Guitar Components

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Pickups: Single-coil vs Humbucker

The heart of an electric guitar’s sound lies in its pickups, and the two primary types are single-coil and humbucker.

Single-coil pickups, found in guitars like the Fender Stratocaster, are known for their bright, crisp, and clear tones.

They excel in delivering a sharp attack and articulate sound, perfect for genres like blues, country, and classic rock.

However, single-coils can be prone to electromagnetic interference, leading to a characteristic hum.

Humbucker pickups, as seen in the Gibson Les Paul, were designed to ‘buck’ this hum.

By using two coils instead of one, humbuckers cancel out the interference, resulting in a richer, warmer, and fuller sound.

They’re known for their thickness and sustain, making them ideal for heavier music styles like rock and metal.

The choice between single-coil and humbucker pickups can significantly influence the guitar’s tone and its suitability for different musical genres.

Woods and Materials Used in Construction

The wood used in constructing a guitar plays a crucial role in shaping its tone.

Common body woods include Alder, known for its balanced and full sound, and Mahogany, favored for its warmth and resonance.

Maple, often used for necks and fretboards, adds brightness and sustain to the guitar’s sound.

Besides traditional woods, modern guitars also incorporate various materials for specific tonal characteristics.

Composite materials, carbon fiber, and even plastics are used in some models to achieve durability and unique sound qualities.

The choice of wood and materials not only affects the tonal properties but also the weight, aesthetics, and overall feel of the guitar.

Neck Types and Fretboard Materials

The guitar neck and fretboard material influence both playability and tone. Neck types generally fall into three categories: bolt-on, set neck, and neck-through.

  • Bolt-on necks, common in Fender guitars, offer a snappy attack and ease of repair.
  • Set necks, found in Gibson models, provide more sustain and a smoother transition between the neck and body.
  • Neck-through designs, where the neck extends through the entire length of the body, offer increased sustain and access to higher frets.

Fretboard materials include Maple, which produces a bright, snappy tone, and Rosewood, known for its warm, rich sound.

Ebony fretboards, offering a smooth playability and crisp tone, are also popular.

The choice of neck type and fretboard material affects the guitar’s playability, tone, and overall feel, contributing to the guitarist’s personal expression and comfort.

Each element, from the type of pickups to the choice of woods and neck construction, plays a vital role in defining the electric guitar’s character.

Understanding these components helps in selecting the right guitar for a musician’s specific needs, style, and tonal preference.

Electric Guitar and Music Genres

What Guitar Does Tony Iommi Use

Each genre of music has its distinct sound and style, and certain types of guitars are better suited to deliver these nuances:

  • Rock: The solid body electric guitars like the Fender Stratocaster and the Gibson Les Paul are staples in rock music. Their robust build and versatile pickups allow for a wide range of sounds, from clean rhythms to distorted leads. The Stratocaster’s bright, punchy tone is ideal for classic rock, while the Les Paul’s rich, sustained sound is a favorite in hard rock.
  • Jazz: Semi-hollow and hollow body guitars, like the Gibson ES-335, are preferred for their warm, clean tones. The natural resonance of these guitars adds depth and richness to the complex chords and smooth runs characteristic of jazz music.
  • Blues: Blues guitarists often gravitate towards guitars that offer expressive tone and sustain. The Fender Telecaster, with its twangy and soulful sound, and the Gibson Les Paul, with its rich and creamy tones, are popular choices for blues musicians.
  • Metal: For the heavy riffs and speedy solos of metal, guitars with humbucking pickups and fast necks are crucial. Models like the Ibanez RG and ESP guitars, often featuring extended-range options like 7 or 8 strings, provide the high-output tone and playability that metal guitarists need.

Iconic Guitarists and Their Preferred Instruments

  • Jimi Hendrix – Fender Stratocaster: Hendrix revolutionized rock guitar playing with his innovative use of the Stratocaster. His mastery of this guitar, combined with his use of effects like wah and distortion, created a groundbreaking sound that continues to influence guitarists.
  • B.B. King – Gibson ES-355 (Lucille): B.B. King’s Lucille, a Gibson ES-355, became almost as famous as the man himself. Its semi-hollow body produced the warm, expressive tones that were essential to King’s soulful blues style.
  • Tony Iommi – Gibson SG: As the lead guitarist of Black Sabbath, Tony Iommi’s heavy use of the Gibson SG helped define the sound of heavy metal. The SG’s lightweight body and easy access to high frets made it ideal for Iommi’s pioneering riffs and solos.
  • Eric Clapton – Fender Stratocaster and Gibson Les Paul: Clapton, known for his versatile playing style, has used both the Stratocaster and Les Paul extensively throughout his career. His Stratocaster, nicknamed “Blackie,” became synonymous with his smooth bluesy tones, while his use of the Les Paul during his time with Cream contributed to some of rock’s most memorable riffs.

The association between these iconic guitarists and their preferred instruments highlights the importance of choosing the right guitar for the right genre.

You can play metal on a Fender Strat but you’re going to get a much better overall tone using a guitar that uses dual-humbuckers. Nothing’s set in stone, though. It all comes down to personal preference.

Jimmy Page is ALWAYS associated with a Les Paul but he actually recorded most of the Led Zepplin records with a Fender Telecaster.

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